Out break of Coronavirus, Symptoms & Preventions

The world is facing challenges of multiple facets keeping in view climate change, international conflicts etc. The pandemic named as “Covid-19 is not only unique in its nature but also in its impacts, which can be felt beyond boundaries, religion, color and class. Since its inception, a lot of chaotic discussion emerged regarding its historical evolution, symptoms, cure and about many more things. In this blog, we try to filter out the information related to this deadly pandemic. We also tried to debunk some general myths connected to this Covid-19, which invited depression and a flood of mis- information.

A Brief overview of Covid-19:

It is caused by a member of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before.

Like other coronaviruses, it has transferred to humans from animals. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it a pandemic.

Historical Traces of Covid-19:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (Mers) are both caused by coronaviruses that came from animals. In 2002, Sars spread virtually unchecked to 37 countries, causing global panic, infecting more than 8,000 people and killing more than 750. Mers appears to be less easily passed from human to human, but has greater lethality, killing 35% of about 2,500 people who have been infected.

Symptoms of Covid-19:

According to the WHO, the most commzon symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, tiredness and a dry cough. Some patients may also have a runny nose, sore throat, nasal congestion and aches and pains or diarrhoea. Some people report losing their sense of taste and/or smell. About 80% of people who get Covid-19 experience a mild case – about as serious as a regular cold – and recover without needing any special treatment. About one in six people, the WHO says, become seriously ill. The elderly and people with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, or chronic respiratory conditions, are at a greater risk of serious illness from Covid-19.

In the UK, the National Health Service (NHS) has identified the specific symptoms to look for as experiencing either:

  • A high temperature – you feel hot to touch on your chest or back.
  • A new continuous cough – this means you have started coughing repeatedly.

Reality checks about Covid-19:

As this is viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use. The antiviral drugs we have use against flu will not work, and there is currently no vaccine. Recovery depends on the strength of the immune system.

General Data:Number of Effected People

China’s national health commission confirmed human-to-human transmission in January. As of 6 April, more than 1.2m people have been infected in 181 countries, according to the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering.

There have been over 69,000 deaths globally. According to recent survey the number of coronavirus cases are 13,273,595, Deaths are 576,496 & recovered patients are 7,746,787.

  • State Breakdown(Data):

Just over 4,634 of those deaths have occurred in mainland China, where the coronavirus was first recorded in the city of Wuhan.

Italy has been hardest hit, though, with over 34,967 fatalities, and Spain has seen  28,406 deaths.

The US now has more confirmed cases than any other country – over 3.3 million.

Many of those who have died had underlying health conditions, which the coronavirus complicated.

Covid-19 VS Normal Influenza:

We don’t yet know how dangerous the new coronavirus is, and we won’t know until more data comes in, but estimates of the mortality rate have ranged from well below 1% in the young to over 3% among those who are elderly or have underlying health conditions. Seasonal flu typically has a mortality rate below 1% and is thought to cause about 400,000 deaths each year globally. Covid-19 had a death rate of more than 10%.

Covid-19: A Contagious Disease

Another key unknown is how contagious the coronavirus is. A crucial difference is that unlike flu, there is no vaccine for the new coronavirus, which means it is more difficult for vulnerable members of the population – elderly people or those with existing respiratory or immune problems – to protect themselves. The only cure lies in preventive measures which include: Hand-washing and avoiding other people if you feel unwell.

Initial tips of tackling Covid-19

The WHO advice is now that anyone with symptoms should stay at home for at least 7 days. If you live with other people, they should stay at home for at least 14 days, to avoid spreading the infection outside the home. This applies to everyone, regardless of whether they have travelled abroad.Many countries have imposed travel bans and lockdown conditions in order to try to halt the spread of the virus. You should check with your local authorities for the latest advice on seeking medical assistance.

Debunking Myths: A Need of the hour

The arrival of Covid-19 not only brought an emergency to the global health system but at parallel, it has carried a bulge of misinformation, myths regarding its treatment and cure. Here, I am quoting some examples from the world which clearly expressed the myths and its leading consequences. In Iran, hundreds of Iranians have reportedly died and more than 1000 fallen ill after consuming methanol amid false rumours that it can help cure the disease caused by the coronavirus. The general masses consumed it due to the misguidance provided on social media and on other mediums. Similarly, the incidents related to people in other places are not so different. According to some circulations at social media, it’s been saying that consumption of garlic act as a defence shield against this disease. In some countries, people have consumed dettol and eventually died.

In nutshell, the Covid-19 is not responsible for their deaths but the real culprit behind the fatalities are the myths and the misinformation related to this Covid-19. So, the need of the hour is to debunk all those myths and misconceptions connected with the disease. People need to show responsibility while sharing any information regarding the disease and avoid believing or spreading any information without confirming its veracity.

 

Blog By Nyle Imtiaz

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